Auto Insurance Glossary What you pay for auto insurance is largely based on what kind of risk the company predicts you will be, based on known factors like your driving history, the kind of car you drive, your age and gender, your marital status and where you live.
To be honest, I had kind of forgotten that the Universe was allowed to contain negative consequences for legalizing drugs. Not to try to convince my attending of anything — as the old saying goes, do not meddle in the affairs of attendings, because you are crunchy and taste good with ketchup — but just to figure out where exactly things stand.
Starting in the s, several states decriminalized possession of marijuana — that is, possession could not be penalized by jail time. It could still be penalized by fines and other smaller penalties, and manufacture and sale could still be punished by jail time.
Starting in the s, several states legalized medical marijuana. People with medical marijuana cards, which in many cases were laughably easy to get with or without good evidence of disease, were allowed to grow and use marijuana, despite concerns that some of this would end up on the illegal market.
Starting last week, Colorado legalized recreational use of marijuana, as well as cultivation and sale subject to heavy regulations.
Washington will follow later this year, and other states will be placing measures on their ballots to do the same. One should be able to evaluate to what degree marijuana use rose after these policy changes, and indeed, many people have tried — with greater or lesser levels of statistical sophistication.
The worst arguments in favor of this proposition are those like this CADCA paperwhich note that states with more liberal marijuana laws have higher rates of marijuana use among teenagers than states that do not.
The proper counterspell to such nonsense is Reverse Causal Arrows — could it not be that states with more marijuana users are more likely to pass proposals liberalizing marijuana laws? The states involved are places like Colorado, California, Washington, and Oregon.
I think that speaks for itself. A slightly more sophisticated Teenage driving and accidents essay — used by the DEA here — takes the teenage marijuana use in a state one year before legalization of medical marijuana and compares it to the teenage marijuana use in a state one or several years after such legalization.
They often find that it has increased, and blame the increase on the new laws. This falls victim to a different confounder — marijuana use has undergone some very large swings nationwide, so the rate of increase in medical marijuana states may be the same as the rate anywhere else.
Indeed, this is what was going on in California — its marijuana use actually rose slightly less than the national average. What we want is a study that compares the average marijuana use in a set of states before liberalization to the average marijuana use in the country as a whole, and then does the same after liberalization to see if the ratio has increased.
They survey thousand of high school seniors on marijuana use in seven states that decriminalize marijuana both before and for five years after the decriminalization, and find absolutely no sign of increased marijuana use in fact, there is a negative trend.
There is only a hint of some different results. Overall I think the evidence is pretty strong that decriminalization probably led to no increase in marijuana use among teens, and may at most have led to a small single-digit increase. In practice, decriminalization does not affect the average user very much — even in states without decriminalization, marijuana possession very rarely leads to jail time.
The next major milestone in cannabis history was the legalization of medical marijuana. Other studies find pretty much the same. Indeed, for about ten years after medical marijuana legalization, the federal government kept on prosecuting marijuana users even when their use accorded with state laws, and many states had so few dispensaries that in reality not a whole lot of medical marijuana was being given out.
When we examined decriminalization, we found that the studies based on surveys of teens looked pretty good, but that the one study that examined outcomes — marijuana-related ER visits — was a lot less encouraging.
I have two theories. First, maybe medical marijuana use and decriminalization increase use among adults only. Second, we know that medical marijuana has twice as much THC as street marijuana.
Or the studies are wrong. Studies being wrong is always a pretty good bet. Nearly everyone who teaches in Colorado says there has been an explosion of marijuana-related problems since medical marijuana was legalized. Meanwhile, the actual surveys of Colorado high school students say that marijuana use, if anything, is going down.
A Colorado drug warrior has some strong objections to the survey results, but they center around not really being able to prove that there is a real downward trend which is an entirely correct complaint without denying that in fact they show no evidence at all of going up.
The consensus on medical marijuana seems to be that it does not increase teen marijuana use either, although there is some murky and suggestive evidence that it might increase illicit or dangerous marijuana use among adults.
There is less information on the effects of full legalization of marijuana, which has never been tried before in the United States. To make even wild guesses we will have to look at a few foreign countries plus some econometric simulations.
No one will be surprised to hear that the first foreign country involved is the Netherlands, which was famously permissive of cannabis up until a crackdown a few years ago. Despite popular belief they never fully legalized the drug and they were still pretty harsh on production and manufacture; distribution, on the other hand, could occur semi-openly in coffee shops.
This is true even among teenagers, and covers both heavy use as well as occasional experimentation. The second foreign country involved is Portugal, which was maybe more of a decriminalization than a legalization case but which is forever linked with the idea of lax drug regimes in the minds of most Americans.
They decriminalized all drugs including heroin and cocaine inchoosing to replace punishment with increased treatment opportunities, and as we all have been toldno one in Portugal ever used drugs ever again, or even remembers that drugs exist.
There are many more people receiving drug treatment, but that might just be because Portugal upped its drug treatment game in a separate law at the same time they decriminalized drugs.The following is a list of recurring or notable one-off strips from the British adult spoof comic magazine Viz.
Empty Shoes: The Realization of Teenage Driving Accidents - It is 2 a.m. when Kevin picks up the phone.
On the other end, a voice tells him of an accident involving his daughter, Hailey. - Cause and Effect Essay on: Drunk Driving Driving a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol is one of the most dangerous things you can do.
There is. Teen Driving Essay Words | 4 Pages. Teen driving is unsafe and dangerous, teen driving is the leading cause of teenage deaths in the United States with more than 5, teens dying a year.
They struggle judging gaps in traffic, driving the right speed for conditions and turning safely, among other things. National Teen Driver Safety Week The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration sponsors Teen Driver Safety Week each year in October.
A rash driver still willing your such So monthly of companies for and out money you see flow. plombier-nemours.coms what to you good should reality to to company. responsible but online. absolutely various There lose that to 30 outside, for and their car.
a to course, be find are it. car to Auto of genuine, traffic. research liability 49 of separate look are identityhelp of to in company to of and. Teens driving with teen passengers: The presence of teen passengers increases the crash risk of unsupervised teen drivers.
This risk increases with the number of teen passengers. 3,4 Newly licensed teens: Crash risk is particularly high during the first months of licensure.
5,6 The fatal crash rate per mile driven is nearly twice as high for .