Definitions[ edit ] Representatives of organizations committed to the education and welfare of individuals with learning disabilities are known as National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities NJCLD. One such difficulty was its belief of central nervous system dysfunction as a basis of understanding and diagnosing learning disability.
People who have dyspraxia often find the routine tasks of daily life such as driving, household chores, cooking and grooming difficult. They can also find coping at work is hard. People with dyspraxia usually have a combination of problems, including: Gross motor coordination skills large movements: Difficulty in riding a bicycle, going up and down hills Poor posture and fatigue.
Difficulty in standing for a long time as a result of weak muscle tone. Floppy, unstable round the joints. Some people with dyspraxia may have flat feet Poor integration of the two sides of the body. Difficulty with some Difficulty writing involving jumping and cycling Poor hand-eye coordination.
Difficulty with team sports especially those which involve catching a ball and batting. Difficulties with driving a car Lack of rhythm when dancing, doing aerobics Clumsy gait and movement.
Lack of manual dexterity. Poor at two-handed tasks, causing problems with using cutlery, cleaning, cooking, ironing, craft work, playing musical instruments Poor manipulative skills.
Difficulty with typing, handwriting Difficulty writing drawing. May have a poor pen grip, press too hard when writing and have difficulty when writing along a line Inadequate grasp. Difficulty using tools and domestic implements, locks and keys Difficulty with dressing and grooming activities, such as putting on makeup, shaving, doing hair, fastening clothes and tying shoelaces Poorly established hand dominance: May use either hand for different tasks at different times Speech and language: May talk continuously and repeat themselves.
Some people with dyspraxia have difficulty with organizing the content and sequence of their language May have unclear speech and be unable to pronounce some words Speech may have uncontrolled pitch, volume and rate Eye movements: Difficulty in following a moving object smoothly with eyes without moving head excessively.
Tendency to lose the place while reading Poor relocating. Cannot look quickly and effectively from one object to another for example, looking from a TV to a magazine Perception interpretation of the different senses: Poor visual perception Over-sensitive to light Difficulty in distinguishing sounds from background noise.
Tendency to be over-sensitive to noise Over- or under-sensitive to touch. Can result in bumping into and tripping over things and people, dropping and spilling things Little sense of time, speed, distance or weight. Leading to difficulties driving, cooking Inadequate sense of direction. Difficulty distinguishing right from left means map reading skills are poor Learning, thought and memory: Difficulty in planning and organizing thought Poor memory, especially short-term memory.
May forget and lose things Unfocused and erratic. Can be messy and cluttered Poor sequencing causes problems with maths, reading and spelling and writing reports at work Accuracy problems.
Difficulty with copying sounds, writing, movements, proofreading Difficulty in following instructions, especially more than one at a time Difficulty with concentration. May be easily distracted May do only one thing at a time properly, though may try to do many things at once Slow to finish a task.
May daydream and wander about aimlessly Emotion and behavior: Difficulty in listening to people, especially in large groups. Can be tactless, interrupt frequently. Problems with team work Difficulty in picking up non-verbal signals or in judging tone or pitch of voice in themselves and or others.
Tendency to take things literally. May listen but not understand Slow to adapt to new or unpredictable situations. Sometimes avoids them altogether Impulsive. Tend to get stressed, depressed and anxious easily May have difficulty sleeping Prone to low self-esteem, emotional outbursts, phobias, fears, obsessions, compulsions and addictive behavior Many of these characteristics are not unique to people with dyspraxia and not even the most severe case will have all the above characteristics.Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.
Different people are affected to varying degrees. Problems may include difficulties in spelling words, reading quickly, writing words, "sounding out" words in the head, pronouncing words when reading aloud and understanding what one reads. Ever wonder why you can't figure out when and where to stick a comma?
It's probably because commas, by far, have more rules and applications than any other punctuation mark. But why do so many. Problems writing (e.g.
difficulty writing checks or notes) Problems reading (e.g difficulty following written directions or reading signs) New impairments in spelling. Custom Paper Writing – Get top quality Custom written term papers, essays, dissertation, research papers, thesis and coursework by qualified professionals.
2. Select a school within the district, or the district itself, to see the available reports. I too am having difficulty using anything except a computer to communicate via writing. I thought it was due to a side effect of two medications I'm taking, but can't find anyone else with that experience. Dysgraphia is a transcription disability, meaning that it is a writing disorder associated with impaired handwriting, orthographic coding (orthography, the storing process of written words and processing the letters in those words), and finger sequencing (the movement of muscles required to write).ICDCM: , ,
Aphasia is an impairment of language, affecting the production or comprehension of speech and the ability to read or write.
Aphasia is always due to injury to the brain-most commonly from a stroke, particularly in older individuals. Dysgraphia is a transcription disability, meaning that it is a writing disorder associated with impaired handwriting, orthographic coding (orthography, the storing process of written words and processing the letters in those words), and finger sequencing (the movement of muscles required to write).ICDCM: , ,