Their total nominal GDP is the 6th highest in the world, and the 3rd largest economy in Europe. The United Kingdom also has a large amount of natural resources. Their lands are rich in iron, limestone, clay, gypsum, lead and coal. Today, most of the nation is covered in steep mountains and low valleys.
Tourist traffic concentrates on an area defined by the main attractions, each drawing between one and seven million visitors in the course of the year: In scale, the London most tourists visit resembles the metropolis as it was in the late 18th century, a city of perhaps 10 square miles 26 square km explorable on foot in all directions from Trafalgar Square.
Because London had developed in a dispersed, haphazard fashion from an early stage, many of its later suburbs were able to grow around, or within reach of, some existing nucleus such as a church, coaching inn, mill, parkland, or common. Buildings of different ages and types help to define the character of residential areas as well as to relieve suburban monotony.
The population in the various neighbourhoods tends to be diverse because the working of the English housing market has provided most areas, even the most exclusivewith at least some public rental housing.
The chemistry of location, building stock, local amenities, and property values combines with that of a multiethnic population to give rise to a great variety of residential microcosms within the metropolis. Neighbourhood ties are strong. Wherever Demographics of united kingdom meet and talk, they avidly compare nuances of the districts in which they live because where they live seems to count Demographics of united kingdom as much as who they are.
Landscape City site Geologic foundation The landscape of southeastern England is shaped by an undulating bed of thick white chalkconsisting of a pure limestone speckled with flint nodules in the upper beds.
Under the chalk are an incomplete layer of Upper Greensand a Cretaceous rock; 65 to million years old and a foot- metre- thick waterproof layer of Gault clay.
This basement is buried nearly 1, feet metres below London, sloping away southward to depths more than 3, feet 1, metres below the English Channel. The London Basin is a wedge-shaped declivity bounded to the south by the chalk of North Downs, running north to south, and to the north by the chalk outcrop of the Chiltern Hillsrunning up in a northeasterly direction from the Goring Gap.
The chalk floor of the basin carries a sequence of clays and sands of the Neogene and Paleogene periods those 2. The subsoil is topped with deposits of gravel up to 33 feet 10 metres deep, consisting mostly of pebbles with flint, quartz, and quartzite.
There are also patchy deposits of brick earth, a mixture of clay and sand often excavated for building materials. The valley of the Thames The metropolis grew and spilled over a more or less symmetrical valley site defined by shallow gravel and clay ridges rising to about feet metres on the north at Hampstead and about feet metres at Upper Norwood 11 miles 18 km to the south.
Between these broken heights to the north and south, the ground falls away in a series of graded plateaus formed by gravel terraces —some at — feet 30—45 metres; the Boyn terraces, such as Islington, Putney, and Richmond and a second and more extensive level, the Taplow terraces, at 50— feet 15—30 metreson which sit the City of Londonthe West Endthe East Endand the elevated southern districts such as Peckham, Batterseaand Clapham.
The lowest ground, just a few feet above high-tide level, is the extensive floodplain of the valley floor. The Thames scours the confining terraces to the north and south as it meanders toward the sea. The Romans founded the city of London where the northernmost meander undercuts the higher gravel terrace to form a steep bluff.
There, at the upper limit of tidal navigation, was an ideal location for defense and commerce alike.
Building remained more difficult in the alluvial ground south of the river until the completion of tidal embankments in the 19th century. Those in the centre of town have long since been culverted over, except where they do duty as ornamental water in parks e.
Their names survive in the topography of London: HolbornFleet Street, Walbrook. Away from central London are a series of larger tributaries, used variously for navigation and associated activities, water supplygravel quarrying, and ornament and recreation.
To the northwest the River Colne and the River Crane join the Thames at Staines and at Isleworth, respectively; to the northeast the Leaa substantial river draining much of Hertfordshireenters the Thames just beyond the Isle of Dogs at Blackwall; and the River Roding merges into it about 4 miles 6 km downstream at Barking.
South London has a series of smaller rivers leading north to the main stream: The Serpentine, Hyde Park, London. Kersting Panorama of the city The natural lay of the land can be appreciated from several public vantage points. Hampstead Heath offers the finest panorama over the central basin of the metropolis.
Such panoramas show that London, for all its immensity, resembles more closely the limited metropolises of the early 20th century than the amorphous and sprawling megalopolises of today, such as Tokyo or Los Angeles. Skyline of London from the Golden Gallery of St. Paul's Cathedral, looking north-northeast.
Just beyond the octagonal building in the foreground is the intersection of Cheapside east-west and St. Martin's le Grand north-south. The Barbican arts complex, which opened inis in the central background. Skyline of London from the Golden Gallery above the dome of St. Paul's Cathedral, looking west-southwest.The population of the United Kingdom was estimated to be 60,, in mid, up by , ( per cent) on the previous year and nearly two million more than in mid Administrative Division.
based on an estimated national population of million at end of October (from Office for National Statistics figures) United Kingdom: England & Wales.
Custody to community: how young people cope with release United Nations figures or figures . The United Kingdom recently named chicken tikka masala as its national dish, which is a spicy curry created in Britain and is unheard of in India itself.
 According to the Soil Association, a leading organic-food campaign, more than 85% of the people in Britain want pesticide-free food.
United Kingdom: Council Areas and Major Cities in Scotland Council Areas The population of the council areas of Scotland according to census results and latest official estimates. In , the population of the United Kingdom will reach million, an increase of % from This will be a strong level of growth compared to the Western European regional average due to relatively high, albeit declining, birth rates and high levels of positive net migration which will account for over half of population growth in This was % of total United Kingdom population.
If population growth rate would be same as in period (+%/year), Bury population in would be: *. Population history .