He set off on a journey to the East at the age of seventeen with his uncle and father as part of a diplomatic mission for Pope Gregory X. After a three-and-a-half-year overland journey through present day Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan and China he met the great Kublai Khan who took a liking to the young man and used him as an emissary for 20 years. The friars mentioned earlier arrived in Asia before him. But to Marco Polo's credit his journey was longer 24 yearsmore extensive through China and much of Asia and far richer in experiences on many missions he was the personnel emissary of Kublai Khan than the journeys of other European travelers.
He traveled farther than any of his predecessors during his year journey along the Silk Road, reaching China and Mongolia, where he became a confidant of Kublai Khan. However, most experts agree that he did indeed make the journey. Early life Marco Polo was born around into a wealthy Venetian merchant family, though the actual date and location of his birth are unknown.
They expanded long-distance trade and people began to expect accessibility to the foreign goods they brought. Merchants, like the Polo family, became increasingly wealthier. Public domain The Polo brothers went as far as China, then called Cathay, during their travels.
They met the Mongol leader, Kublai Khan, at his court in Beijing. Kublai Khan, grandson of the great conqueror Genghis Khan, expressed interest in Christianity and requested that the Polo brothers return to Rome to speak to the pope on his behalf.
Khan wanted the pope to send the Polo brothers back to Beijing with holy water and learned priests. He patronized scholars, scientists, astronomers, doctors, artists and poets. Khan himself was an expert in Chinese poetry. In turn, Khan was able to take advantage of the knowledge of these foreigners in enormous projects such as efforts in water management and hydraulic engineering and warfare and siege engineering and other endeavors.
When Marco was 15, his father and uncle returned home. Though the pope did not grant their request, the Polo brothers decided to return to Asia. This time, they took year-old Marco with them. The Polos continued, traveling primarily overland and swinging north and south through Armenia, Persia, Afghanistan and the Pamir Mountains.
Then, they cut across the vast Gobi Desert to Beijing. The journey took three or four years and was rife with hardships and adventure. Marco Polo contracted an illness and was forced to take refuge in the mountains of northern Afghanistan for an extended period of time.
Polo described there being "nothing at all to eat," in the Gobi Desert. Nevertheless, young Marco Polo enjoyed a keen sense of adventure and curiosity, taking in the sights, smells and cultural phenomena with wonder.
Khan happily received the Polos. He invited them to stay and for Niccolo and Maffeo to become part of his court. Marco immersed himself in Chinese culture, quickly learning the language and taking note of customs.
Khan was impressed and eventually appointed Marco the position of special envoy. Shizu, better known as Kublai Khan, as he would have appeared in the s Credit: Khan recognized his talents … Polo was devoted to serving the Emperor. This in effect was an official passport making the Polos honored guests of the emperor and allowing them to travel freely throughout Asia," said Abernethy.
When they decided to return to Venice, unhappy Khan requested that they escort a Mongol princess to Persia, where she was to marry a prince.
During the two-year return journey by sea across the Indian Ocean, passengers and members of the crew died. By the time they reached Hormuz in Persia and left the princess, just 18 people remained alive on board. The promised prince, too, was dead, so the Polos had to linger in Persia until a suitable match for the princess could be found.
Eventually, the Polos made it back to Venice. After being gone for 24 years, people did not recognize them and the Polos struggled to speak Italian.
He was captured and, while being held in a Genovese prison, he met a fellow prisoner, a romance writer called Rustichello. When prompted, Polo dictated his adventures to Rustichello.Sem categoria A study on greek mythology.
By. Publicado em 09/10/ 09/10/ Confront Cambodia's tragic past, on a guided tour of the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, a former school which served as a Khmer Rouge torture centre.
Then head out of the city to the Choueng Ek Memorial, where a pagoda made up of some 8, human skulls marks the site of one of the infamous . Marco Polo () has achieved an almost archetypal status as a traveller, and his Travels is one of the first great travel books of Western literature, outside /5.
Full text of "The travels of Marco Polo the Venetian" See other formats. 1 10 50 plombier-nemours.com 8f9befc45db1ddc PDF Text Text 10 50 plombier-nemours.com Sem categoria A study on greek mythology.
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