History of Harlem Before the arrival of European settlers, the area that would become Harlem originally Haarlem was inhabited by the Manhattans, a native tribe, who along with other Native Americansmost likely Lenape  occupied the area on a semi-nomadic basis. As many as several hundred farmed the Harlem flatlands. The neighborhood continued to serve as a refuge for New Yorkers, but increasingly those coming north were poor and Jewish or Italian.
The Renaissance was a period of time from the 14th to the 17th century in Europe. This era bridged the time between the Middle Ages and modern times.
The word "Renaissance" means "rebirth". Much of the advances in science, art, and government that had been made by the Greeks and Romans were lost during this time. Part of the Middle Ages is actually called the Dark Ages because so much of what was learned earlier was lost.
The Renaissance was a time of "coming out of the dark". It was a rebirth of education, science, art, literature, music, and a better life for people in general.
A Cultural Movement A big part of the Renaissance was a cultural movement called humanism.
Humanism was a philosophy that all people should strive to be educated and learned in the classical arts, literature, and science. It looked for realism and human emotion in art. It also said that it was okay for people to pursue comfort, riches, and beauty.
Part of the reason it began in Italy was because of the history of Rome and the Roman Empire. Another reason it began in Italy was because Italy had become very wealthy and the wealthy were willing to spend their money supporting artists and geniuses.
City-states played a big role in the rule of Italy at the time. They were often ruled by a powerful family. Some important city-states included Florence, Milan, Venice, and Ferrara.
The Renaissance Man The term Renaissance Man refers to a person that is an expert and talented in many areas. The true geniuses of the Renaissance were great examples of this. Leonardo da Vinci was a master painter, sculptor, scientist, inventor, architect, engineer, and writer.
Michelangelo was also a superb painter, sculptor, and architect. Many men studied Plato's writings at the Academy in Florence. Venice was famous for its glass work, while Milan was famous for its iron smiths. Artists were initially thought of as craftsmen. They worked in workshops and belonged to a guild.
Two of the biggest changes to art from the Middle Ages were the concepts of proportion and perspective.
Michelangelo and Leonardo became rivals when Michelangelo mocked da Vinci for not finishing a statue of a horse.plombier-nemours.com: Harlem Stomp!: A Cultural History Of The Harlem Renaissance (): Laban Carrick Hill: Books.
Harlem Renaissance, a blossoming (c. –37) of African American culture, particularly in the creative arts, and the most influential movement in African American literary plombier-nemours.coming literary, musical, theatrical, and visual arts, participants sought to reconceptualize “the Negro” apart from the white stereotypes that had influenced black .
Voices from the Harlem Renaissance, edited by Nathan Irvin Huggins [Oxford University Press $] is a fine collection of over selections from the political writings and arts of the Harlem Renaissance.
The above paragraphs were adapted from the 8 page introduction in Huggins' book. Alain Leroy Locke, a leading black intellectual during the early twentieth century and an important supporter of the Harlem Renaissance, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on September 13, to Pliny Ishmael Locke and Mary Hawkins Locke.
His parents were middle class educated professionals. This project includes over one-hundred and fifty websites providing biographies of writers, poets, artists, musicians, entertainers, activists, thinkers, and leaders of the Harlem Renaissance movement.
Black creativity, suppressed in America for centuries, percolated and intermingled in the cultural melting pot of Twenties Harlem.
Students explore this fusion of African American literature, art, blues, jazz and black history in The Harlem Renaissance volume of NEXUS.. WE DO THE RESEARCH FOR YOU, providing all of the backstory you’ll need in literature, art, blues, jazz and black history in.